Dyslexia is a widely prevalent throughout the world. According to research, around 40 million people in the US are dyslexic, and only 2 million are aware of it. In Pakistan, due to high illiteracy rates, it is very challenging to identify dyslexia in Pakistan. Some students make it to A-levels and universities and are still undiagnosed.
Dyslexia can be defined as “processing difficulty”, which means a child is unable to understand words, mix up words, omit words and invert words. Poor clumsy handwriting is a common trait of dyslexic students. Letters are either too small or too big. Problems in concentrating on tasks and lack of visuo-spatial awareness, memory problems, left-right confusion, sequencing difficulties and much more.
It is estimated that three to ten percent of children that can perform another task well, will have a problem with literacy acquisition. Dyslexia has nothing to do with the intelligence of children. It’s a neurological disorder which could happen to anyone, and sometimes it runs in the family.
According to the research by Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research.
“5.37% students of grade 6th and 7th in 500 government schools were screened out with dyslexia. The number of male students was slightly higher than female students.”
Dyslexia is a treatable disorder. there are certain institutions that are helping to fight dyslexia in Pakistan.
In Pakistan, there is no governmental support to help out dyslexic children. In such situation, dyslexic friendly schools are a ray of hope for parents and children. These schools are well equipped to meet all the requirements of the learners. Teachers and students are kept under strict scrutiny. The most common way to assist students is by reading aloud, repeating instruction and highlighting key parts. Students are taught with phonetics and sounds.
Following are the names of dyslexic institutions
IDARE in Gulshan, Karachi
Lahore Children’s Centre
Avantage Learning Lahore,
PADIL in Islamabad
These institutions are for the well-earned families. Unfortunately for the 70% of dyslexic children, there is no hope.