Fall of Dhaka 1971

So many times, December has manifested its cruelty upon the Pakistani nation, along with its coldness. Whether it is 16th December 1971, 16th December 2014 or the 7th December 2016, we have witnessed the worst tragedies of our country’s history. Among all these, Fall of Dhaka is something that echoes as the massive failure of our policies.

Although, the incident that caused Eastern Pakistan to separate and become an independent country of Bangladesh has become a painful sore difficult to heal.

46 years have passed, since the partition of Pakistan, but actual causes of the incident remain vague and controversial.

Every Pakistani gives the reasons according to his mindset and blames his opponents, in this way we can say that every Pakistani was somehow responsible for this tragedy, as he was involved in a blame game,

Here are the different causes according to versatile mindsets existing in our country.

The Pro-Bhutto Ones

They simply acclaim that Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the founder of PPP (Pakistan People Party) tried his best to keep the Pakistan united and fought till the last moment. For them Bhutto, the charismatic leader took a stand for the Pakistani nation and proved in General Assembly by tearing up the document of a resolution.


Anti-Bhutto ones

This camp is relatively more high, as it has very sound arguments to show that it was Bhutto who was possible for converting Pakistan into the Bangladesh. It thinks that Bhutto’s greed to rule over the entire Pakistan paved the way for the separation of our Eastern wing. In the election of 1970, Sheikh Mujeeb Ur Rehman’s party emerged as the clear winner without any seats from the West Pakistan. Overall, the Awami League of Shiekh Mujeeb Ur Rehman won most seats in the National Assembly and hence gained the right to run the government in the center, but this was not acceptable to the leading parties of West Pakistan. This situation simply increased the tensions among winning parties on both the sides. In this regard, the burden of separation just lies on the Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.


Enemy of your enemy is your friend. Many Pakistanis are of the opinion that India was the cause for separation of Eastern wing as It supported the Mukti Bahni a radical party that provoked Bengalis and started guerilla was against Pakistan Army in Bangladesh, then Bengal. So, they say, the Indian conspiracy was the cause of Bangladesh. This faction strongly condemns the death penalty given to the pro-Pakistani Bengalis by Shiekh Hasina Wajid. The same faction also quotes the Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War by Sharmila Bose and refutes the claim that Pakistani army was involved in any atrocities in Bangladesh. This “group of thought” also recalls the brutal massacre of Urdu speakers and West Pakistanis in Bengal.

Liberals and Pro-Human Rights

For this section, Eastern Pakistan was never meant to be a part of Pakistan; It is even against this very phrase, Fall of Dhaka as it thinks that phrase should be Independence of Bangladesh. For them, religion was insufficient to bind both the wings. Further, West Pakistan never gave Bengalis, their rights they deserved. Bengal and Balochistan both were treated in the same way. Revenue from both the major provinces was utilized to develop Punjab and other parts of West Pakistan. So, it was the very thought of alienation and violation of human rights that made Bengalis strive for a separate homeland. This faction also emphasizes the atrocities committed by then Pakistan army in Bengal and often receives the title of traitor and being Anti-Pakistani.

Who is the real Culprit

More than four decades have passed since this incident took place. Endorsers of all these factions have just hurled blames on each other, but didn’t care to figure out what happened, in a rational way. There is no doubt that all the above mentioned causes contributed to the conversion of the western wing to the Bangladesh, but have we learnt something. The situation in Pakistan is getting worse, and all these factions are again fighting each other creating new blame games. Unfortunatly, no one is willing to diagnose the cause of the disease that is making Pakistan weak. Off course, such weakness would continue to persist unless and until concerns of all stakeholders are not satisfied; especially, those who are directly related (the people of small provinces) and matter a lot.


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